We visited the Brooklyn Botanical Garden during our stay in New York. It is hard to believe that there exists this little forest in the midst of the big city! We had an amazing experience being close to nature and could see variety of plants & trees in just one day. Let me share some of the interesting pictures we took...
Papyrus is a thin paper-like material made from the pith of the papyrus plant, Cyperus papyrus, a wetland sedge that was once abundant in the Sudd of Southern Sudan along with the Nile Delta of Egypt. Papyrus is first known to have been used in ancient Egypt, but it was also used throughout the Mediterranean region and in Kingdom of Kush. Ancient Egyptians used this plant as a writing material and for boats, mattresses, mats, rope, sandals, and baskets.
Vitis (grapevines) is a genus of about 60 species of vining plants in the flowering plant family Vitaceae. The genus is made up of species predominantly from the Northern hemisphere. It is economically important as the source of grapes, both for direct consumption of the fruit and for fermentation to produce wine. The study and cultivation of grapevines is called viticulture. Grapevines usually only produce fruit on shoots that came from buds that were developed during the previous growing season.
Raspberries are an important commercial fruit crop, widely grown in all temperate regions of the world. Until recently, the most commonly cultivated raspberries have been red-fruited hybrids between R. idaeus and R. strigosus. Raspberries are grown for the fresh fruit market and for commercial processing into individually quick frozen (IQF) fruit, purée, juice, or as dried fruit used in a variety of grocery products. The black raspberry, Rubus occidentalis, is also occasionally cultivated in the United States, providing both fresh and frozen fruit, as well as jams, preserves, and other products.
Hibiscus is a genus of flowering plants in the mallow family, Malvaceae. It is quite large, containing several hundred species that are native to warm-temperate, subtropical and tropical regions throughout the world. Dried hibiscus is edible, and is often a delicacy in Mexico. It can also be candied and used as a garnish. The tea is popular as a natural diuretic; it contains vitamin C and minerals, and is used traditionally as a mild medicine.
The orchid family is probably one of the most important of plant families from a horticultural point of view. The only commercially important product derived from orchids is vanilla. Orchids are most often used to decorate gardens with their lovely appearance. One of the most obvious uses for orchids is for weddings. As one of the most popular and gorgeous flowers, you can often see them in bridal or bridesmaids bouquets, and even used in centerpieces during wedding receptions.
Bonsai is a Japanese art form using miniature trees grown in containers. A bonsai is created beginning with a specimen of source material. This may be a cutting, seedling, or small tree of a species suitable for bonsai development. Bonsai can be created from nearly any perennial woody-stemmed tree or shrub species that produces true branches and can be cultivated to remain small through pot confinement with crown and root pruning.
|Tropical rainforest section|
A tropical rainforest is an ecosystem type that occurs roughly within the latitudes 28 degrees north or south of the equator (in the equatorial zone between the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn). This ecosystem experiences high average temperatures and a significant amount of rainfall. Rainforests can be found in Asia, Australia, Africa, South America, Central America, Mexico and on many of the Pacific, Caribbean, and Indian Ocean islands.
Some commercially important plants that grows in the tropical forests include: cashew, cardamom, cinnamon, clove, coffee, chocolate, avocado, mango, banana, papaya, peanut, pineapple, nutmeg, sesame, sugarcane, tamarind, turmeric, vanilla, etc
Read more at Buzzle: http://www.buzzle.com/articles/tropical-rainforest-plants.html
Theobroma cacao (cocoa tree), is a small (4–8 m (13–26 ft) tall) evergreen tree in the family Malvaceae, native to the deep tropical regions of Central and South America. Its seeds, cocoa beans, are used to make cocoa mass, cocoa powder, and chocolate.
Most cacti live in habitats subject to at least some drought. Many live in extremely dry environments, even being found in the Atacama Desert, one of the driest places on earth. Cacti show many adaptations to conserve water. Most species of cacti have lost true leaves, retaining only spines, which are highly modified leaves. As well as defending against herbivores, spines help prevent water loss by reducing air flow close to the cactus and providing some shade.
Read more : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cactus
The peek-a-boo plant, also known as the toothache plant, has some strange sensory characteristics as well. It is said that chewing on these flowers was used as an effective, temporary relief from toothache pain, similar to the local anesthetic effect of Novacain®. These flowers were also used by natives in the tropics as a urinary antiseptic and as a preventative treatment against malaria. The active ingredient, an antiseptic alkaloid known as Spilanthol, is found throughout the plant, with the highest concentration in the flowers.
The peek-a-boo plant, Spilanthes oleraceae, is a unique, little-known annual garden flower that is native to tropical regions. It is a member of the same plant family as asters, daisies and coneflowers, but the flowers look quite different. At first glance, the blooms on a peek-a-boo plant resemble daisy-like flowers but with all the petals removed and only the round centers left at the ends of the stems. The blooms are olive-shaped, about one inch in length, and yellow with a dark red center. Because these strange flowers look like the eyeballs of a large animal or alien creature, its common name is peek-a-boo or even eyeball plant.
For more details refer: http://www.extension.iastate.edu/newsrel/2004/jul04/jul0401.html
Sunflowers are annuals with showy, daisylike flowerheads that are usually 2-4 inches across and bright yellow (though occasionally red). Tall and course, the plants have creeping or tuberous roots and large, bristly leaves. Sunflower seeds are used as a nutritious snack, for sprouting, for bird seed, to make cooking oil, medicine, and for animal feed. Sunflower oil is used in cooking and for many medicinal purposes.
More details : http://www.almanac.com/plant/sunflowers
Nymphaea caerulea, also known as the Blue Egyptian water lily or sacred blue lily, is a water-lily in the genus Nymphaea. Its original habitat may have been along the Nile and other locations in East Africa. It spread to other locations, however, already in ancient times, like the Indian Subcontinent and Thailand.
These are only a few plants/trees which I found worth describing, however there were many other varieties to be seen & enjoyed. Hope you found this beneficial. May we all have the right spirit to conserve mother nature and never tend to destroy it in any possible way.